Review: China Fast Forward by Bill Dodson

Dodson’s book is a bit like China itself: fast-moving, somewhat kaleidoscopic, hard to pin down, by turns baffling, frustrating and entertaining. Reading the book is a bit like watching a movie running at twice or four times its normal speed—it is sometimes a bit jerky, but fast-paced and often entertaining.

Despite writing a book filled with often searing criticism, Dodson dearly hopes that China will somehow pull it off… yet despairs that it won’t. This is a rapidly-paced, even scattershot book, more of a quick tour than an in-depth visit. For anyone familiar with China, most of these arguments will not be new. For anyone who knows less about China or who thinks that China’s rise is unstoppable, there is much here to recommend.

This review was originally published in the Asian Review of Books. Can be accessed here

Review: The Singapore Water Story by Cecilia Tortajada, Yugal Joshi and Asit K. Biswas

In exploring exactly how Singapore prepared for contingencies and achieved water security, The Singapore Water Story is a detailed and often fascinating look at one of the most remarkable yet least remarked-upon political and environmental successes of modern Asia. It is an extraordinary story of how the country simultaneously made everyday life more pleasant for its people and enhanced national security through a focus on securing and diversifying its water sources.

This review was originally published in the Asian Review of Books. Can be accessed here

Review: Greenprint by Aaditya Mattoo and Arvind Subramanian

In their slim book, Aaditya Mattoo and Arvind Subramanian make a case for action led not by the rich West but by the giants of the developing world. The biggest carbon emitter is China; other large developing nations—India (third largest), Brazil, and Indonesia—are also significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions…

This review was originally published in the Asian Review of Books. Can be accessed at www.asianreviewofbooks.com/?ID=1494

Review: Greening Asia by Nirmal Kishnani

Even five years ago, green buildings in Asia were an exotic concept. Now, one major real estate developer after another has converted to the green creed. Green building organizations have sprung up in most countries, trailing a gaggle of certifications in their wake. The U.S. Green Building Council’s platinum and gold ratings, or their local equivalents, are increasingly needed by building owners eager to attract the best tenants.

Nirmal Kishnani’s focus on buildings, therefore, is well-deserved…

This review was originally published in the Asian Review of Books. Can be accessed at www.asianreviewofbooks.com/?ID=1417

Review: China’s Urban Billion by Tom Miller

In a region full of big challenges, one of the weightiest is the on-going task of moving 500 million Chinese from farms to cities. This story, that of the world’s largest human migration, is told vividly by Tom Miller in a pithy book, one that is part of Zed Books’ “Asian Arguments” series. It is a book that is at once sympathetic to the task faced by Chinese policy makers and yet infused with a journalist’s solid reportorial skills and natural scepticism, qualities that give the book a gritty, grounded credibility of a sort that is missing from most of what has been written on this subject.

This review was originally published in the Asian Review of Books. Can be accessed at http://www.asianreviewofbooks.com/?ID=140

China’s Ten Hiroshimas a Year

Pollution in the country takes a terrible annual toll on people’s lives, and the government must show it has the will to respond.

airpollution

Could the Xi Jinping era see a dramatic improvement in China’s environment? The answer must certainly be yes. Technically and administratively, China has the know-how and the government machinery that would let it make meaningful progress to clean up the environment over the next decade. The question is whether its leaders have the political will.

The “crazy bad” air pollution in Beijing paradoxically provides room for hope. The outpouring of anger – and the role played by social media such as Sina Weibo – means that this is an issue the government ignores at its peril.

The air pollution crisis is a health emergency. A 2007 World Health Organization study estimated that air pollution killed about 656,000 Chinese each year. That is equivalent to almost ten times the number of people who were killed by the Hiroshima atomic bomb. Imagine. Almost ten Hiroshimas a year from China’s air pollution.

Many countries have cleaned up pollution only after a dramatic event. Sixty years ago, in December 1952, a deadly smog in London prompted by coal burning killed as many as 12,000 people in days. The world’s first clean air act was passed in its wake and relegated London’s famed “pea-soupers” to history books. A June 1969 fire on Ohio’s Cuyahoga River (“a river that oozes rather than flows,” Time magazine said at the time) jump-started the environmental movement in the United States. The first Earth Day was held the following year and the Environmental Protection Administration was set up 18 months after the Cuyahoga blaze.

Like the United States, post-war Japan saw its headline-grabbing pollution disasters, notably mercury poisoning in Minamata and choking air pollution in Yokkaichi, both of which had the dubious distinction of having diseases named after them (Minamata disease and Yokkaichi asthma). Today, Japan has one of the highest degrees of environmental protection (both legally and in spirit) in the world, but also some of the world’s most sweeping energy-conservation measures.

Pressure from a richer and more assertive population is quickening the pace of Asia’s environmental clean-up. The most recent Greendex survey of 17,000 citizens in 17 countries conducted by the National Geographic Society and research house Globescan in spring 2012, found that Indians and Chinese scored highest in an international survey of environmental attitudes and behaviour.

Chinese worry about food safety was almost off the charts in the survey, with 91 percent reporting that it was a serious concern, underscoring serious popular discontent following a wave of food poisoning incidents, most notoriously melamine-laced baby milk powder. This fear about food outstripped any other concern expressed in any of the 17 countries.

According to Greendex, the Chinese were more concerned about air pollution than citizens of any other country. Significantly, Chinese and Indians were the most confident that their governments and companies were working hard to ensure a clean environment. In short, the environment is seen as an issue of personal safety and well-being in developing countries like China and India. Governments ignore this at their peril.

The good news is that China is already taking significant steps to reduce its energy intensity and to improve energy efficiency. Among the strategic industries in the current five-year plan (2011-15) are clean energy, clean energy vehicles, energy conservation and environmental protection.  Work in all of these areas can be accelerated to improve the environment more quickly.

Most immediately, higher-quality fuel would have a dramatic impact, and the State Council unveiled a number of higher fuel standards on February 6. Getting dirty diesel trucks, buses and boats off the roads and out of the water would make a dramatic difference. Over the medium term, implementing improved energy efficiency standards for buildings would result in better, more comfortable structures that need less coal-powered electricity to light, heat and cool.

Public patience is wearing thin. SOHO China’s chairman, Pan Shiyi, is using his Sina Weibo microblog to push for a clean-air law. He wasn’t the only frustrated member of the establishment.

“I especially want to know if the party secretary or the mayor are in Beijing these days,” wondered People’s Daily senior editor Ling Zhijun. “If so, how do they guarantee they can breathe safely in Beijing?”

Through the crisis, officials mostly just hid out. That won’t work in a Weibo world.

If the Xi administration can seize the moment to show it can provide health and security for people who don’t want their children breathing lousy air or drinking tainted milk, it will have gone a long way toward establishing an enduring legacy and will show that the state is still capable of acting strongly against powerful interests.

At the same time, action on air pollution could help burnish China’s climate change efforts. China has been content to criticize the West for not living up to its responsibilities under the Kyoto Accord to limit greenhouse gas emissions, rather than take a global leadership role. Yet the floods, droughts and other extreme weather events that are occurring as a result of climate change almost certainly will hurt China more than most other countries. So there are some very pragmatic reasons for the country to start taking leadership. It would be a winner at home and abroad.

This openness to tackle air pollution will almost certainly need to rely on citizens to use Weibo and the like to hold environmental and local officials to account. The problem has always been enforcement of China’s environmental laws and regulations. On paper these are of a global standard. In practice are not.  Tackling pollution is most effective when grass-roots monitoring backs up official initiatives.

Economic development isn’t just about growth numbers. It is also about health and security. Citizens need to know that they can trust the milk that they feed their children. The Chinese people need to have faith that the government will respond to the sort of emergency posed by ten Hiroshimas a year.

Originally published in Caixin. Can be accessed here.

Review: Green Innovation in China by Joanna I. Lewis

There is no greater challenge for humanity in the coming century than slowing the pace of man-made climate change. And there is no country whose actions are more important than China in determining whether or not we will meet this challenge.

Joanna Lewis’s important book on the development of China’s wind power industry is an incisive look at a key part of China’s desire to transform itself into a high-tech green economy while meeting its responsibilities as the world’s largest energy user and second-largest economy.

This review was originally published in the Asian Review of Books. Can be accessed at www.asianreviewofbooks.com/?ID=1393

Review: Honor in the Dust by Gregg Jones

The compelling story that Gregg Jones tells of America’s initial military involvement in the Pacific is one that has relevance today: a story of a military campaign that was portrayed by its backers as a war of liberation but dragged the American people through a deep and divisive debate about the country’s imperial ambitions…

This review was originally published in the Asian Review of Books. Can be accessed at www.asianreviewofbooks.com/?ID=1375

Review: Where China Meets India by Thant Myint-U

The political changes in Myanmar this year have been extraordinary. Nobel prize-winner and democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi, free after nearly 25 years of off-again, on-again house arrest, won a parliamentary seat and is being talked about as a possible president in 2015. Censorship has been abolished. Dissidents who fought the government have been allowed back. After five wasted decades, change is coming to a country of some 60 million people, a change symbolized with the path-breaking November 2012 visit of U.S. President Barack Obama.

Although Thant Myint-U’s latest book was written before this remarkable political opening, the latest work by one of the most perceptive chroniclers of contemporary Myanmar is unique in its ability to situate the country in a regional context…

This review was originally published in the Asian Review of Books. Can be accessed at www.asianreviewofbooks.com/?ID=1371